The Refuse To Be A Victim (RTBAV) program was started in 1993 by the National Rifle Association. It was an educational endeavor aimed at educating women and girls about personal safety in various environments. It became so popular that it went co-ed in 1997. There are approximately 8,000 people certified to facilitate the program and the majority are non law-enforcement personnel who have a profound interest in safety and educating the public. The student quickly realizes that it is frequently quick, convenient, and relatively inexpensive to avoid being a criminal’s target. For although a criminal has a perverted sense of right and wrong, he still is human; he wants to be successful (to commit the crime)and with as little effort as possible. If he perceives that his “victim” is actually an “opponent” he is most likely going to look for an easier target.